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Phonics

Ask any of our children the question "Why do we do Phonics?" and they will reply with "To help us read and write!" Phonics is a CRUCIAL part of children's early learning and we take great pride in the interactive and engaging way in which we deliver our daily phonics. Our phonics sessions are based on the 'Letters and Sounds' document and uses the songs and actions from 'Jolly Phonics'. 

 

What is phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully.  They are taught how to:

recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes; identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo' and blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

 

In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:

GPCs

They are taught GPCs. This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes in the English language and ways of writing them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order. The first sounds to be taught are s, a, t, p.

Blending

Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.

Segmenting

Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words.

 

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